نقش میانجی حمایت سازمانی در تأثیر ادراک از عدالت، توانمندسازی و انطباق‌پذیری کارکنان بر تعهد سازمانی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، گروه مدیریت بازرگانی، دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران.

2 کارشناس ارشد مدیریت بازرگانی، دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران.

10.22034/jhrs.2020.132780

چکیده

زمینه و هدف: تعهد سازمانی به عنوان یکی از مهم‌ترین نگرش‌های شغلی همواره مورد توجه محققان و اندیشمندان بوده است. این پژوهش به منظور بررسی تأثیر متغیرهای توانمندسازی کارکنان، ادراک کارکنان از عدالت و انطباق‌پذیری کارکنان بر تعهد سازمانی انجام شده است که در این بین، نقش حمایت سازمانی نیز مورد توجه بوده است.
روش‌شناسی: این پژوهش از نوع تحقیقات کاربردی و توصیفی است که با روش پیمایشی انجام شده است. جامعه آماری پژوهش کلیه کارکنان منطقه شش شهرداری تهران بودند که نمونه‌ای تصادفی از آن‌ها انتخاب شد. داده‌های مورد نیاز از طریق پرسشنامه جمع‌آوری شدند و با استفاده از روش مدل‌یابی معادلات ساختاری مورد تحلیل قرار گرفتند.
یافته‌ها: نتایج تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها نشان داد که هر سه متغیر توانمندسازی روان‌شناختی کارکنان، ادراک کارکنان از عدالت و انطباق‌پذیری به‌طور مستقیم و همچنین از طریق متغیر حمایت سازمانی ادراک‌شده به‌طور غیرمستقیم بر تعهد سازمانی تأثیرگذار هستند.
نتیجه‌گیری: باتوجه به مدل ارائه شده در این تحقیق، با تمرکز بر متغیرهای توانمندسازی روان شناختی، عدالت ادراک شده و انطباق‌پذیری کارکنان می‌توان موجبات بهبود حمایت سازمانی ادراک شده و تعهد سازمانی کارکنان را فراهم ساخت.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Mediating Effect of Organizational Support in the Effect of Perceived Justice, Empowerment and Employees` Adaptability on Organizational Commitment

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mehdi Yazdanshenas 1
  • Yaser Ghanei 2
1 Assistant Prof, Faculty of Management and Accounting, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran.
2 MSc. In Business Management, Faculty of Management and Accounting, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Background & Purpose:Organizational commitment as one of the most important job attitudes has always been considered by researchers and scholars. This research was conducted to investigate the effects of empowerment, perceived justice, and employees` adaptability on organizational commitment in which the role of organizational support has also been considered.
Methodology:This research is an applied and descriptive research that has been done by survey method. The statistical population of the study was all employees of District 6 of Tehran Municipality from which a random sample was selected. The required data were collected through a questionnaire and analyzed using structural equation modeling.
Findings:Data analysis showed that psychological empowerment, employees' perception of justice and employee adaptability directly affect organizational commitment. In addition, these variables indirectly affect organizational commitment through perceived organizational support.
 
Conclusion:According to the model presented in this study, focusing on employees` psychological empowerment, perceived justice and adaptability of employees can improve perceived organizational support and employees` organizational commitment.
Organizational Support, Perceived Justice, Empowerment, Employees` Adaptability, Organizational Commitment.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • organizational support
  • perceived justice
  • Empowerment
  • Employees` Adaptability
  • organizational commitment
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