شناسایی کاربردها، فرصت‌ها و چالش‌های استفاده از فناوری بلاکچین در مدیریت منابع انسانی: مروری نظام‌مند

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، گروه مدیریت، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران.

2 کارشناس ارشد، گروه مدیریت بازرگانی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران.

10.22034/jhrs.2022.150392

چکیده

زمینه و هدف: امروزه، منابع انسانی یکی از سرمایه‌های بسیار مهم در سازمان به‌شمار می‌رود و راه‌کارهای زیادی برای به‌کارگیری بهینه و مؤثر اقدام‌های این افراد صورت می‌گیرد. فناوری بلاکچین این پتانسیل را دارد که چشم‌انداز منابع انسانی را به‌طور اساسی تغییر دهد. به‌منظور درک بهتر کارایی این فناوری در مدیریت منابع انسانی، در پژوهش حاضر نتایج پژوهش‌های انجام‏شده در خصوص این موضوع مرور شده است..
روش‏شناسی: این پژوهش از نوع کیفی، کاربردی و توصیفی است. جامعه آماری آن، مقاله‌های منتشر شده مربوط به فناوری بلاکچین در مدیریت منابع انسانی بوده است که در سه پایگاه داده علمی اسکپوس (الزویر)، وب آو ساینس و گوگل اسکولار جست‌وجو شدند.
یافته‌ها: پس از بررسی مطالعات استخراج‌شده، نتایج در سه بخش مجزا با عناوین کاربردها، فرصت‌ها و چالش‌های پیش روی فناوری بلاکچین در مدیریت منابع انسانی شرح داده شد. بر اساس نتایج، فناوری بلاکچین بیشتر در اقدام‌های مرتبط با استخدام کاربرد دارد و فرصت‌هایی مانند جلوگیری از تقلب، نگهداری سوابق امن و کاهش هزینه را به همراه می‌آورد.
نتیجه‌گیری: این یافته‌ها در باب بلاکچین برای مدیریت منابع انسانی بینش کلی ارائه داده است؛ پس با توجه به فرصت‌ها و کاربردهایی که ایجاد می‌کند، استقرار آن برای انجام اقدام‌های بهینه و مؤثر در مدیریت منابع انسانی توصیه می‌شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Identifying the Application, Opportunities, and Challenges of Using Blockchain Technology in Human Resource Management: A Systematic Review

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ghasem Eslami 1
  • Rafat Khodayari 2
1 . Assistant Prof., Department of Management, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran.
2 . MSc., Department of Management, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Background & Purpose: Today, human resources is one of the most important assets in the organization, and many solutions are made to use its practices optimally and effectively. Blockchain technology has the potential to fundamentally change the perspective of human resources. Thus, in order to better understand the efficiency of this technology in human resource management, the present study reviews the results of studies conducted on this subject.
Methodology: This research is qualitative, applied, and descriptive. Sources of information from articles published on blockchain technology in human resource management were searched three two scientific databases: Scopus (Elsevier), Web of Science and Google Scholar.
Findings: After reviewing the extracted studies, their results were described generally in three separate sections of applications, opportunities and challenges of blockchain technology in human resource management. The highest function was in employment-related practices by creating opportunities such as preventing fraud, maintaining a secure record, and reducing costs.
Conclusion: These findings can provide an overview of the blockchain for human resource management that provides the opportunities and applications it creates. More attention should be paid to its establishment to have optimal and effective practices in human resource management.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Blockchain technology
  • Human resource managers
  • Application
  • Opportunities
  • Challenges
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دوره 12، شماره 1
اردیبهشت 1401
صفحه 1-16
  • تاریخ دریافت: 01 اسفند 1400
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 15 اردیبهشت 1401
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 25 اردیبهشت 1401
  • تاریخ اولین انتشار: 25 اردیبهشت 1401