عنوان مقاله [English]
Background and purpose: Perception of justice arising from the social actions in the form of perceptual-behavioral cycles between social actors over time. In organizations this cycles between superiors and subordinates affect the perceptions and consequently the behaviors of both sides of the relationship. Considering the small number of superiors and their placement in the center of organizational interactions, the best point of intervention to manage these cycles is the perceptions of superiors. Our goal in this research is to identify personality traits that influence the perception of justice in leaders and their continued behavior.
Methodology: This research is fundamental in terms of results, In terms of purpose, exploratory, and method, is qualitative. The data were collected by library research and based on thematic analysis of the Nahj al-Balagha text.
Findings: 505 basic codes were counted, in the form of 2 main organizing themes, magnanimity and dignity, including 3 sub-organizing themes, respect for others, kindness and generosity, and the main organizing theme of steadfastness and fortitude. , included 3 sub-organizing themes of self-control, insight and personality stability, were placed.
Results: The results state that the leaders who have the characteristics mentioned in this research, they will perceive less injustice, and after the perception of injustice, the possibility of extreme behavior in them is less. Thus, it is expected the perception of justice in the subordinates of such leaders will be more and the atmosphere of justice in the organization will be more positive too.